Technical control of the car:
The police examiner will start practical test by asking student to check car’s technical features. Here can you see what you have to learn by heart before practical exam.
- steering should function easy, fast and safe
- easy: no resistance or dissonance.
- safe: after turning the wheels must go back to the straight position.
- quick: the wheels must follow the exact movement of a steering wheel (note: in cars with power steering, it is checked with engine running).
The newer cars may not have any free play in their steering system. That is the piece you can move the steering wheel without the wheels follow. This is controlled by checking if the wheels immediately follow informed movements (steering wheel).
In cars with power steering (a device which make it easier to turn directed and acts by means of liquid) this is done with turned engine.
When driving at low speed the steering wheel should easily be turned from side to side without encountering uneven resistance or cause discord.
Steering fluid must follow the manufacturers’ specifications, and it must be between min. and max. or if the control light on the dashboard is not turned.
- when fully up the brake pedal has app. 1cm free play.
- the pedal must have a non-slippery surface.
- the pedal may only be pressed halfway down, and still be hard and firm. It may not sink under contiguous pressure (leakage).
- the brake fluid must be between min. and max.
- if there is a case of vacuum brake then: check the brake by pumping 3-4 times, keep the pressure on and start the engine: the pedal will sink.
- does not produce any excess gasses or noise.
- it is not covered in leaking oil.
- the oil stick must be between min. and max.
- the exhaust system is airtight and must be secured by brackets and straps.
- anti-freeze fluid (coolant fluid) must be between min. and max.
Tires and Shock absorbers
Tires have to have same type at all four wheels.
the main tread has to be at minimum of 1.6 mm deep (check with the tread wear indicator).
some tires must comply with a correct rational direction.
all four shock absorbers must work properly which means it helps vehicle after hard shake.
Lights, reflexes and horn
- all lights must be clean and I full condition and use (reflexes also).
- all bulbs must be working, and are fitted with correctly (outer edge from light to dark).
- each par of lights must have same shape, color and intensity.
- headlights (white or yellow color) are divided into: position lights: that are seen from a distance of min 300m.
- low beam: must enlighten road min. 30m. They must be asymmetrical and have a fall of 1% per meter.
- high beam: must enlighten road min. 100 m (blue lamp is turned on at dashboard).
Rear Lights (red):
- rear/position lights: seen from the distance of min. 300 m.
- break lights that light 3.5 times stronger than the rear lights.
- white rear number plate that could be readable from a distance of 20m.
- horn must have clean and constant tone.
Note: at practical examination you will be able to show how to turn the lights on or off.
Indicators are yellow and must be visible even in strong sunlight. There are 6 of them, also functioning as hazard warning light: connected to the green lamp in dashboard.
For the practical examination REMEMBER to bring a valid PASSPORT, driving license APPLICATION and paper with LECTURE PLAN.